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Bharat Kala Bhavan

History of Bharat Kala Bhavan, Varanasi
This is one of the oldest museums in Benaras. It was set up in 1920 A.D.
Bharat Kala Bhavan displays India’s heritage at its best. It showcases many priceless objects which bears testimony to the richness of our country. It is opened from 11 A.M to 4.30 P.M. Bharat kala Bhawan VaranasiRabindranath Tagore was its first honorary chairman. However the full credit for its development and up gradation goes to late Rai Krishnadasa who was a renowned writer in Hindi. The museum is divided into different sections like Mahamana Malaviya gallery, Nicholas Roerich gallery, Chhavi or painting gallery, sculpture gallery, archeological gallery, Nidhi (treasure gallery), and decorative art gallery. This museum is one of the best preserved museums in the whole of India.

The main hall of the Bharat Kala Bhavan consists of the finest art, sculpture and painting collections. One of the figurines which is quite popular is that of Lord Krishna standing on one leg and one hand on his hip while trying to lift a heavy stone with the other hand. It has been interpreted as Lord Krishna trying to lift Mount Govardhana. A bronze image, terracotta figures and miniature paintings during the time of the Mughal period also finds a place in the museum. Bharat Kala Bhavan, located inside the BHU campus, is an art and architecture museum and houses a vast collection of paintings, Hindu and Buddhist sculptures and other materials of archeological importance. The Bharat Kala Bhavan was established in the year 1920 A.D. In the main hall of the Bharat Kala Bhawan, there is a figure of a man standing on one leg and one hand on his hip and lifting a mass of stone above his head, with one hand. The figure is said to be of Lord Krishna, lifting Mount Govardhana. Many images in the Bharat Kala Bhavan confirm to the existence of Krishna cult in Kashi in 15th and 16th century. Bharat Kala Bhavan also has a great collection of miniature paintings from the courts of Mughals and other Kingdoms and principalities. Some of the important sections in the Bharat Kala Bhavan are Mahamana Malaviya gallery, Nicholas Roerich gallery, Chhavi (Painting Gallery), sculpture gallery, Nidhi (Treasures) gallery, sculpture gallery, archaeological gallery, decorative art gallery and Banaras through ages gallery.Bharat Kala Bhavan lies within the sprawling grounds of Benaras Hindu University.Its outstanding collection of sculpture, paintings and textiles began with the private collection of the enlightened Raj Krishnadasa.The sculpture collection includes terracotta and clay objects, stone and bronze and cast metal objects.Ancient terracotta varying from ritual icons to toys to utilitarian objects date to the Indus Valley Civilization, Mauryan, Sunga and Gupta periods. A large and impresssive collection of textiles contain precious examples of Benaras silks and brocades,embroidered shawls from kashmir and rare chamba, rumals.

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  Being the oldest city of the world and an important   Hindu pilgrimage center, Varanasi attracts a large   number of people from all over the world. For   centuries, Varanasi is famous for spiritualism, .