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Jantar-mantar in varanasi

Jantar Mantar is an observatory, built by Jai Singh, the Maharaja of Jaipur in the year 1737. Jai Singh was a great admirer of science and technology and he was particularly passionate about astronomy. Before the commencement of construction (of observatories) he sent scholars abroad to study the foreign observatories. The emissaries returned with many manuals on Jantar Mantar varanasiastronomy. The Jantar Mantar at Varanasi was built in line with Delhi, Mathura, Ujjain and Jaipur observatories. The Jantar Mantar was built to measure the local time, the Sun's declination, altitude, the declination of stars, planets and to determine eclipses The Jantar Mantar at Varanasi has several masonry instruments to record the motion, speed and properties starts and planets and study astronomy that are accurate and can still be used efficiently today. The Jantar Mantar incorporates multiple structures of unique form, each with a specialized function for astronomical measurement. These structures with their striking combinations of geometric forms have captivated the attention of architects, artists, and art historians. Originally, there were many yantras (instruments). Some of the important ones are the Krantivritta Yantra, Digansha Yantra, Samrat Yantra, Prakash Yantra, Ram Yantra, Disha Yantra and Dhruva Yantra. There is hardly any visitor to the historical place and the parking space before the grand palace has been occupied by vegetable vendors, forcing the authorities to keep it out of the foreign tourists' itinerary. Man Mahal, situated on the western bank of river Ganga just adjacent to the famous Dashashvamedh ghat in the city, is a fine example of Mughal-Rajput architecture with stone balconied windows and painted ceiling.

The palace was built in around 1600 A.D. by Man Singh, the Raja of Amber, Rajasthan, and a general of Mughal Emperor Akbar. But the observatory was added to it in 1737 A.D by Sawai Jai Singh II (1686-1745 AD) who himself was a great astronomer, the founder of Jaipur city and a descendant of Raja Man Singh. Besides inventing a number of instruments, tables and formulae, he constructed five observatories located in Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, Varanasi and Mathura.

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    Being the oldest city of the world and an important   Hindu pilgrimage center, Varanasi attracts a large   number of people from all over the world. For   centuries, Varanasi is famous for spiritualism, .